There are bunch of reasons why tooth extraction is done. Though dangerous and may cause several complications like tooth extraction infection, it is one of the most popular procedures most patients choose because it is simply quick, permanent, and less expensive. One common reason is to relieve a patient from suffering pain. Also, dentists may recommend this if the tooth can no longer be repaired such as tooth that is already decayed below the gum line, tooth that has lost too much bone or has suffered from periodontal disease, or tooth that may put the patient’s oral health at risk like tooth with cysts or tumors.
There are different types of extractions such as simple extractions and surgical extractions. Simple extraction involves the removal of the tooth by loosening the gums around it, pulling the crown above the gum line and rocking it out until it loosens up from the bone. Surgical procedure is done if the crown breaks off leaving the roots still in the bone. After a tooth extraction, the hole left in the jawbone or also called as socket, gets filled with blood that clots and forms a matrix for healing. After a year or so, the socket begins to have a new form.
There are complications after extractions of teeth. Bleeding to death is possible but almost never happens. A dry socket is a dreaded extraction problem that usually happens to patients who smoke during the first 48 hours after the extraction procedure and women taking birth control pills. Tooth extraction infection is fairly common yet needs to be taken seriously as there is an open wound very close to the brain. Patients who are said to be already infected have swollen gums or tongue, are bleeding, have pus within the extraction site, or have teeth sensitive to light pressure. Most dentists follow a protocol on whether or not a patient will be taking antibiotics prior to or after the extraction.
Some patients are given prophylactic or preventive antibiotics to allow the infection to clear before doing the extraction. This is because local anesthesia does not take effect in acid environments. Some must take antibiotics or narcotic analgesic most especially if there is a need to cut any tissue after undergoing the procedure to prevent the development of infection.
But more often than not, you may not have to take any antibiotics once the dentist has removed the tooth. If your mouth is clean, the extracted site will heal on its own especially when you take care of it. As long as you make it clean and follow what the dentist tells you to do, you should not encounter any extraction complications including infections.
Tooth extraction infection and other complications can be prevented. Put your head down and do not exercise for at least 12 to 24 hours, bite a piece of gauze over the socket and do not spit for at least 2 hours, do not smoke for 48 hours, let the anesthesia subside before eating anything solid, and take your medications. topDentists cost bit high but also give away the treatment that is long lasting and cover up for the oral problem very easily. There are many tablets too that can act as a temporary treatment for the mouth problems. If after 2 days, you still feel pain or the pain gets worse, see your dentist immediately.